
Benefit Cost Analysis Tutorial  Using Microsoft Excel 
Benefit Cost Analysis Tutorial  Using Microsoft Excel 

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Index Benefit Cost Analysis Tutorial  Using Microsoft Excel 
A User Manual for Benefit Cost Analysis Using Microsoft Excel Preface Introduction to Excel Basic features of MS Excel The Title Bar The Menu Bar The Toolbars Worksheets The Formula Bar The Status Bar The Down Arrow Key The Up Arrow Key The Right and Left Arrow Keys Page Up and Page Down The End Key The Home Key Scroll Lock Working with Cells and Ranges Selecting Ranges Selecting Complete Rows and Columns Selecting Noncontiguous Ranges Selecting Multisheet Ranges Annotating a Cell Filling Cells Automatically Deleting Cell Contents Copying, Cutting and Pasting Copying by using toolbar buttons Copying by using menu commands Copying by using shortcut menus Copying by using shortcut keys Copying to adjacent cells Copying a range to other sheets Moving a cell or range Copy and Paste Special Elementary Formulae + Addition  Subtraction * Multiplication / Division ^ Exponential Other Excel operations Operators such as + (for addition) and * (for multiplication) Cell references (including named cells and ranges) Values or text Worksheet functions (such as SUM or AVERAGE) Other operators used in formulas Operator precedence Entering formulas by pointing Referencing cells outside the worksheet Cells in other worksheets Cells in other workbooks Absolute vs relative references in excel formula Relative references Absolute references Mixed References Entering nonrelative references Excel Functions In this function The equals sign begins the function, SUM is the name of the function 2, 13, 10 and 67 are the arguments Parentheses enclose the arguments A comma separates each of the arguments Calculating Sum (Typing the function) Calculating Sum (Entering a Function by Using the Menu) Calculating an Average Calculating Min Calculating Max Formatting Text and Numbers in Excel Format text and individual characters Number formatting Applications of financial functions and formulae in Excel Loan and annuity functions Nper Per Pmt FV Type Guess The Future Value of an Investment (FV) Remarks Steps to Calculate FV Financial Function Examples Investment or Loan Payment (PMT) PMT(rate,nper,pv,fv,type) Steps to calculate PMT Number of Periods for an Investment (Nper) NPER(rate, pmt, pv, fv, type) The IPMT() function IPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type) The Principal Payment or the Amount Paid on the Principal PPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type) The Present Value (PV) PV(rate,nper,pmt,fv,type) Interest Rate RATE(nper,pmt,pv,fv,type,guess) Basic Excel Operations in BCA Financial Functions and Formulae used in BCA The Net Present Value (NPV) NPV(rate, value1, value2, ...) Examples of NPV Computation By discounting each annual payment By using annuity factor formula By PV function in Excel. For this method, enter the formula in cell B17 as follows The Present Value of a Perpetuity or Capitalization Ratio Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Practice Exercise: Simple BCA Proposed Irrigation Project Rice Husk Power Plant Project BCA Spreadsheet Design for Evaluation of Options Format for spreadsheet Data inputs Presentation of results Land Use Options for Dolphin Bay Data Worksheet Environmental Values – Capitalized Local Population Visitors Options and Effects – Physical Base Case Shrimp Production Tourist Resort Worksheet for BCA Calculations For the Template Present Value Column Total Benefits Total Costs Net Benefits Incremental Net Benefits Net Present Value, Benefit Cost Ratio and Internal Rate of Return For the Base Case, Shrimp Production and Tourist Resort Water Quality Management Strategies Data worksheet with basic data Projected value of selected basic data for base case and options identified Benefits for the Base case BCA calculation for base case scenario Formula and command for Option 1 Formula and commands for Option 2 Formula and commands for Option 3 Formula and Commands for Summary of Results Formula and Commands for Sensitivity Analysis Other Excel Functions and Applications Logical Functions The IF function IF(logical_test,value_if_true,value_if_false) Examples on using IF function Array Functions Array formulas and array constant To calculate a single result To calculate multiple results Using Array Constant The format of array constants Algebraic Functions – Matrix Operations Addition and Subtraction of Matrices Multiplication of Matrices Determinant of a Matrix Determinant of a 2x2 matrix The determinant of this matrix is as follows Determinant of a nxn matrix Determinant of a Matrix Using Excel The Inverse of a Matrix What is the Inverse of a Matrix? What are the requirements for Matrix to have an Inverse? Finding the Inverse the Hard Way Shortcut to the Finding the Inverse of a 2×2 Matrix Finding the Inverse of a Square Matrix Using MS Excel Transpose Matrix Applications of Matrix Operations Elementary Econometric Analysis Simple linear regression model (regression model with single independent variable) Steps in the Interpretation of Simple Linear Regression Output Multiple linear regression model Remarks Logistic regression model Interpretation of Logistic Regression Results Graphs Chart Wizard References ATTACHMENT A: BCA SPREADSHEET DESIGN Introduction Defining Scenarios for Options Basic Data Worksheet Economic Data BCA Spreadsheet Setting up the Template Benefits Consumers surplus Revenues from production Residual values of remaining capital “External” environmental benefits Costs Capital costs Replacement/repair costs Other operating costs (labour, materials, maintenance) Environmental protection costs “External” environmental costs Specifying the Base Case Assessing the Effects of Options Incremental Benefits and Costs Calculation of NPV, BCR and IRR Sensitivity Analysis Presentation of Results
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