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Adobe After Effects 6 Tutorial


Adobe After Effects 6 Tutorial

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Index Adobe After Effects 6 Tutorial

Adobe After Effects Help
Using Help
About online Help
Navigating in Help
Using bookmarks, the table of contents, the index, and Find
To find a topic using the table of contents
To find a topic using the index
To find a topic using the Find command
Printing the Help file
Learning About Adobe After Effects 6.0
Getting help
Are new to After Effects
Want information on installing After Effects
Are upgrading from a previous version of After Effects
Want step-by-step instructions
Are looking for detailed information about a feature
Need information on a specific effect
Are looking for background information on digital video
Want answers to common troubleshooting questions
Want a complete list of keyboard shortcuts
Want detailed information on creating scripts with After Effects
Want to download five free effect plug-ins
Working with Adobe After Effects
If you want to animate all the different elements of your project
If you want to composite your elements
If you want to work with effects
If you want to work with other Adobe tools
If you want to create a DV project
If you want to design or manage an efficient workflow
Other learning resources
After Effects support page
Step-by-step tutorials
Updates, patches, and plug-ins
Links to the Adobe Support Knowledgebase, containing the latest After Effects technical support solutions
Training resources in print and online form
A searchable database of answers to technical questions
Links to user forums
Adobe Press
The Adobe Certification program
Adobe Solutions Network
To access the Adobe Solutions Network for After Effects
To register online from After Effects
Customer support
What’s New in After Effects 6.0
Work more easily with leading Adobe products
Adobe Photoshop
Adobe Illustrator
Adobe Premiere Pro
Animate text and create text in the Composition window
Direct text creation
Text animation
Paint layers with ease
Fully integrated vector paint engine
Cloning tools
Track motion more precisely
Work with new and enhanced effects
Dust & Scratches
Touch up footage easily and work more effectively with solids
Enhanced masking and frame-by-frame touch-up tools
Improved handling of solids
Render and output compositions more easily
OpenGL support
Rendering improvements
Printing windows
New output options
Looking at the Work Area
Working in a project
Planning your project
Choosing the right media
Animated GIF
Streaming video over the World Wide Web
Downloading video over the World Wide Web
Intranet playback
Flash (.swf) files
Considerations for cross-platform projects
Project hierarchy
File-naming conventions
Time basics
Time display
Frame rate
NTSC (29.97) drop-frame timecode
Frames and fields
Setting time-display options
Setting up a project
Creating a new project
To create a new project after closing the current project in After Effects
To specify project settings
Importing footage items
To import source footage items into an After Effects project
Opening and closing a project
To open a project
To close a project
Saving a project
To save a project
To save a project using a different name or location
To save a copy of the project using a different name or location
Correcting mistakes
To undo the last change
To undo a recent change
To set the number of undo levels
To revert to the last saved version
Selecting 16-bpc color depth (Pro only)
To specify color depth
Setting preferences
To open a preferences dialog box
To restore all preferences to their default settings
Customizing the workspace
To restore default palette and window positions
To save the workspace
To select or delete a custom workspace
Using context menus
To display context menus
Using windows
Composition window
Layer and Footage windows
Timeline window
Effect Controls window
Project window
Reorganizing windows
To reorganize windows
Closing multiple-view Composition windows simultaneously
To close all the windows associated with a composition simultaneously
Printing Windows
To print a window
Working with the Layer and Footage windows
To choose a view in the Layer window
Working with the Project window
Organizing footage in the Project window
To organize footage items using folders
To remove footage from a project
To create a new composition from the Project window
To manage footage items in the Project window
Customizing the Project window
To display or hide a column
To resize a column
To change the order of the columns
To hide the thumbnail view
To add a transparency grid to the thumbnail view
Working with the Composition, Layer, and Footage windows
Setting view options for the Composition window
To set options in the View Options dialog box
Displaying After Effects viewing and editing controls in the Footage window
To display a footage item in the Footage window
To display .mov or .avi movies in the standard After Effects Footage window
Changing magnification in windows
To zoom in
To zoom out
To change the view to 100%
To change the view to fit the screen
Using Wireframe view in the Composition window
To turn Wireframe view on and off
Viewing safe zones and grids
To view safe zones
To view a standard grid
To view a proportional grid
To snap a layer to a grid
Changing safe-zone margins and grid spacing
To change safe-zone margins
To change grid spacing
To change proportional grid spacing
Using rulers and guides
To display or hide rulers
To set the zero point in rulers
To create, reposition, lock, hide, or remove a guide line
Viewing color and alpha channels
To view a color channel or alpha channel
Taking and viewing a window snapshot
To take a snapshot
To view a snapshot
To take and view multiple snapshots
Viewing a specific frame
To view a specific frame by dragging
To view a specific frame numerically
Discontinuing window updates
Using the Tools palette
To display or hide the Tools palette
To move the Tools palette
To select a tool
To cycle through hidden tools
To momentarily change from one tool to another tool
To display or hide tool tips
To view optional palettes for a tool
Using the Info palette
Preparing and Importing Footage
How After Effects works with imported files
File formats supported for import by After Effects
Mac OS
Adobe Illustrator (.ai, .ai4, .ai5, .eps, .ps)
Adobe PDF (.pdf)
Adobe Photoshop (.psd)
Adobe Premiere 6.0 (.ppj)
Adobe Premiere 7.0 (.prproj)
Animated GIF (.gif)
AU (.au)
Audio Interchange File Format AIFF (.aiff)
Bitmap (.bmp, .rle)
Cineon (.cin)
DirectShow (.grf)
Discreet RLA/RPF (.rla, .rpf)
ElectricImage (.img, .eiz)
EPS (.eps
Filmstrip (.flm)
FLC (.flc)
FLI (.fli)
JPEG (.jpg, jpe)
Macromedia Flash (.swf)
Maya camera data
Maya IFF (.iff)
MP3 (.mp3)
MPEG-1 (.mpg)
PCX (.pcx)
Pict (.pct, .pic)
Pixar (.pxr)
Portable Network Graphics (.png)
QuickTime (.mov)
SGI (.sgi, .rgb)
Softimage (.pic)
Targa (.tga, .vda, .icb, .vst)
TIFF (.tif)
Video for Windows (.avi, .wav)
Windows Media File (.wmv)
Preparing a still-image file for import into After Effects
Working with higher image resolutions
Changing the default duration of still images
To change the default duration of still footage
Specifying interpretation rules
Using interpretation rules
Importing files into a project
To import footage into a Project window
All Acceptable Files
All Footage Files
All Files
A specific format
To import items by dragging
To set default preference for dragging layered footage
Importing a sequence of still-image files
To import a sequence of still images as a sequence file
To import a sequence of still images as a composition
To import a folder of still images as a sequence by dragging
To import a sequence as individual footage files
To change the default frame rate for a sequence before importing
To assign a frame rate to a sequence you’ve already imported
Importing footage containing an alpha channel
Using straight or premultiplied alpha channels
Interpreting alpha channels as straight or premultiplied
Choosing an interpretation method for alpha channels
Ask User
Ignore Alpha
Straight (Unmatted)
Premultiplied (Matted with Black)
Premultiplied (Matted with White)
To import a footage file containing an alpha channel
To set the alpha channel interpretation method for a file
To set the default alpha channel interpretation
Importing Adobe Photoshop files
Preparing layered Adobe Photoshop files
Importing layered Adobe Photoshop files
To import a layered Adobe Photoshop file as a new composition
To import an Adobe Photoshop file or one of its layers as a single footage item
Using transparent areas and layer masks from Adobe Photoshop
Using adjustment layers from Adobe Photoshop
Using Adobe Photoshop layer effects
To edit an Adobe Photoshop layer effect in After Effects
Importing an Adobe Illustrator, PDF, or EPS file
Preparing your Adobe Illustrator file for import
Continuously rasterizing an Adobe Illustrator file
To continuously rasterize an Adobe Illustrator file
Importing layers from Adobe Illustrator
To import a layered Adobe Illustrator file as a layered composition
To import an Adobe Illustrator file or one of its layers as a single footage item
Importing Adobe Illustrator paths as masks
To import an Adobe Illustrator path as a mask
Importing an After Effects project
Importing After Effects projects from different platforms
To relink a reference
Importing Adobe Premiere projects
Importing 3D-image files
Importing an audio file
Importing Cineon files
To import a Cineon sequence
To convert a Cineon sequence from logarithmic to linear
Preparing motion footage for import
Analog video
Analog film
Digital video
Interlaced and noninterlaced footage
Preparing a movie for import when final output is NTSC interlaced video
Preparing motion-footage frame rates for final output
To change the frame rate of a motion footage file
Using interlaced video in After Effects
Separating fields
To separate video fields in imported footage
Interpreting field order
To determine the original field order
Field rendering
About 3:2 pulldown
Removing 3:2 or 24Pa pulldown from video transferred from film or DV cameras
To remove 3:2 or 24Pa pulldown from video
About D1, DV, and various pixel aspect ratio footage
Setting pixel aspect ratio
Square Pixels
D1/DV NTSC Widescreen
D1/DV PAL Widescreen
Anamorphic 2:1
D4/D16 Standard
D4/D16 Anamorphic
To set the pixel aspect ratio for imported footage
To set the pixel aspect ratio for a composition
To correct pixel aspect distortion (for previewing only)
Using square-pixel footage for output to D1 or DV NTSC
To use square-pixel footage when outputting to D1 or DV NTSC
Importing DDR-based footage
Setting up frames and fields for DDR-based footage
Building a Composition
Working with imported footage
Viewing imported footage
To open a movie in the default Footage window
To open a movie in an After Effects Footage window
Opening footage in its original application
To open a footage item in the original application
To reload an edited file
Setting the frame rate for footage
To set the frame rate for footage
Looping footage
To loop footage
Copying Interpret Footage settings
To apply Interpret Footage settings to several footage items
Replacing and substituting footage
Replacing footage throughout a project
To replace footage throughout a project
To replace footage with another footage item already in the Project window
Replacing footage of one or more layers
To replace the source footage of one or more layers
About placeholders and proxies
Working with missing source footage
Substituting a placeholder for footage
To use a placeholder
To replace a placeholder with the actual footage
Substituting a low-resolution proxy for footage
To locate and use a proxy
To toggle between using the original footage and its proxy
To stop using a proxy
Identifying proxy items in the Project window
Creating a composition
Creating a new composition and changing settings
To create a composition
To change a composition’s settings
Creating new compositions from Project window footage
To create a single or multiple compositions from Project window footage
Understanding basic composition settings
Undoing composition settings
To undo composition settings immediately after closing the Composition Settings dialog box
To undo the settings after you have made other changes to the project
Setting frame size
Saving custom preset values
To save custom preset values
To reuse custom preset values
To delete a preset
Setting pixel aspect ratio for compositions
Setting frame rate
Setting resolution
Adjusting the appearance of low-resolution compositions
To determine the appearance of lower-resolution compositions
Setting start timecode or start frame
Setting duration
Understanding advanced composition settings
Setting the anchor
Setting nesting options
Setting the rendering plug-in
To set the rendering plug-in
Adding and revealing composition footage items
Adding footage items to a composition
To add a footage item to a composition
To add several footage items to a composition at the same time
Revealing footage in a composition
To reveal a footage item in the Timeline window
Nesting a composition
Using the Composition window
Magnification ratio pop-up menu
Title-Action Safe button
Toggle View Masks button
Current Time button
Take Snapshot and Show Last Snapshot buttons
Show only Red, Green, Blue, and Alpha channel buttons
Resolution/Down Sample Factor pop-up menu
Region of Interest button
Toggle Transparency Grid button
Layer Wireframes button
3D View pop-up menu
Toggle Pixel Aspect Ratio Correction button
Dynamic Preview Acceleration button
Timeline button
Comp Flowchart button 
Comp Window Options
Arranging a footage item in a composition by dragging
To arrange a layer in a composition by dragging
Setting the background color of a composition
To set the background color of a composition
To set the pasteboard color of a composition
Using a transparency grid to display transparency
To turn the transparency grid on or off
Changing the region of interest
To change the region of interest
To crop to the region of interest
Using the Timeline window
Default controls and columns
Composition tab
Current time
Source Name/Layer Name column
Timeline window buttons
Audio/Video Features column
Switches column button
Switches/Modes column
Time graph
Comp button
Optional columns
To display or hide optional columns
Comment column
Modes column
Parent column
Keys column
In column
Out column
Duration column
Stretch column
Expand or Collapse the In/Out/Delta/Stretch columns button
To rearrange columns
To change the width of a column
Understanding the time graph
Time Navigator Start and End brackets
Time ruler
Navigator view
Work area markers
Timeline Window Options
Comp marker bin
Comp button
Zoom slider
Viewing and setting the current time
To move the current-time indicator by dragging
To move the current-time indicator numerically
To magnify a portion of the time graph
To see more of the time graph
Setting up a work area
To set up a work area
To move the work area
To expand the work area to the size of the composition
Managing Layers
Adding layers to compositions
Any footage item in the Project window list (including audio)
Another composition in the project
A text layer
A solid, camera, or light you create
An After Effects adjustment layer, which modifies all layers below it
A duplicate of another existing layer
A split layer
A null object
Creating new layers
Creating a new layer from a footage item
To create a layer from a footage item
Creating layers by nesting compositions
To create a layer from another composition
To prevent switches from operating through nested compositions
Creating a new solid layer
To create a solid-color layer
To change settings for a solid used by more than one layer
Creating a light or camera layer
To create a light or camera layer
Creating an adjustment layer
To create a new adjustment layer
To change an existing layer into an adjustment layer
Duplicating a layer
To duplicate a layer
Creating new layers by splitting a layer
To split a layer
Rearranging layers
Changing the layer stacking order
To rearrange layer order
To move a layer to a specific position in the order
Selecting a layer by position number
Aligning and distributing layers in 2D space
To align or distribute layers
Positioning a layer in time
To change the In and Out points of a layer numerically
To move a layer in time by dragging
To move a layer in time by moving its
Automatically arranging layers as a sequence
To arrange layers in a sequence
Creating simple cuts and transitions between layers
To cut from one layer to another
Copying and pasting layers
To copy a layer to the current time
Customizing layer work and views
Renaming a layer
To rename a layer
Viewing the source name of a layer
To switch the type of layer name in the Timeline
To see a layer source name in the Info palette
Changing layer color labels
To change a color label for an individual layer
To change the color for a label group
To change the default color label and options for a source type
Hiding layers in the Composition window
To show or hide a layer in the Composition window
To hide all layers that are not selected in the Composition window
To show all layers in the Composition window
Showing and hiding layers in the Timeline window
To mark a layer as shy or not shy
To hide or show all shy layers
Locking and unlocking a layer
To lock or unlock layers
Soloing a layer
To solo a layer
Understanding trimming
Trimming layer footage
To trim or restore layer footage
Moving a trimmed layer in time
Dragging the duration bar
Dragging the dimmed outline
Removing a section of a layer
To remove a section and leave a gap in time (lift)
To remove a section and close the resulting gap (extract)
Using markers
Creating composition-time markers
To add a composition-time marker
To move a composition-time marker
To snap the current-time indicator or layer duration bars to a marker
To remove a composition-time marker
Creating layer-time markers
To add a layer-time marker
To remove a layer-time marker
Creating Web links from markers
To create a Web link
To view or modify information for a Web link
Creating chapter links
To create a chapter link
Nesting compositions containing layer-time markers
Adding markers synchronized to audio
To synchronize markers to dialogue
About After Effects Audio/Video switches
To toggle between the layers’ Switches column and the Modes column
To display both the Switches and Modes columns
To prevent switches from operating through nested compositions
Altering appearances on the layer level
Collapsing transformation properties
To collapse transformations or change the rasterization method for a layer
Changing the layer image quality
To change the layer image quality
Showing and hiding applied effects
To show or hide all effects applied to one layer
Enhancing time-altered motion by blending frames
Using frame blending
To apply frame blending to a layer
To enable or disable Frame Blending for redraw and rendering
Using three dimensions
About motion blur
Applying motion blur to layers
To apply motion blur to a layer
Adjusting the shutter angle for motion blur
To set the shutter angle and phase for motion blur
Using audio layers
Previewing audio
To set display options for the Audio palette
To set preferences for audio preview
To preview audio
To preview audio and rendered images
To preview audio in the work area
Dragging to preview composition audio
To preview composition audio
Changing volume levels of an audio layer
To set the volume level of an audio layer in the Audio palette
Including and excluding audio
To include or exclude an audio track from a composition
Animating Layers
About layer properties
Viewing layer properties in the Timeline window
To expand a layer outline heading
To collapse a layer outline heading
To expand or collapse all layer outline headings
Viewing only modified properties
To view only modified properties
Understanding keyframes
Time-vary stopwatch
Keyframe navigator
Keyframe icons
Setting keyframes
Setting keyframes for layer properties
To set the first keyframe for a layer property
To add additional keyframes for a layer property
To add a keyframe without changing a value
Navigating to and selecting keyframes
To move the current-time indicator to the previous or next keyframe
To snap the current-time indicator to a keyframe
To select a keyframe
To select multiple keyframes
To select all keyframes for a layer property
To select all keyframes in a property that have the same value
Accessing and editing keyframe values
To access and edit a keyframe value
Deleting keyframes
To delete a keyframe
To delete all keyframes of one layer property
Moving and copying keyframes
Moving keyframes
To move a keyframe to another time
To move multiple keyframes to another time
To expand or contract a group of keyframes
To move a keyframe precisely to a different time
Copying and pasting keyframes
To copy and paste keyframes
Moving a layer duration bar independently of its keyframes
To move a layer duration bar but not its keyframes
Copying a value from a layer without keyframes
To copy a value from a layer without keyframes
Changing several keyframe values at once
To set multiple keyframes to the same value
Determining where to set and modify keyframes
Setting and animating a layer property in the Timeline window
To set a layer property by dragging in the Timeline window
To change a layer value numerically in the Timeline window
To animate a layer property
Setting layer position
To move a layer by dragging in the Composition window
To move a layer precisely
Creating a motion path
To create a motion path
Modifying a motion path
Working with position keyframes and motion paths
To move a position keyframe
To add a position keyframe by moving the layer
To add a keyframe using the pen tool
To move all points on a motion path in unison
Changing the number of visible motion-path keyframes
To change the number of visible motion-path keyframes
Using Motion Sketch to draw a motion path
To sketch a motion path
Smoothing motion and velocity
To smooth a spatial or temporal curve
Creating motion paths with masks
To create a motion path from a mask
Setting layer size
Scaling a layer
To scale a layer by dragging in the Composition window
To scale a layer proportionally in the Timeline window
To scale a layer by nudging it 1%
To scale a layer by nudging it 10%
Flipping a layer using Scale property keyframes
To flip a layer by dragging in the Composition window
To flip a layer numerically
Setting layer opacity
Setting layer rotation
Rotating a layer
To change the angle of a layer by dragging in the Composition window
To change an angle of a layer by entering rotation values in the Timeline window
To rotate a selected layer by nudging it 1 degree
To rotate a selected layer by nudging it 10 degrees
Rotating a layer along a motion path
To activate or deactivate Auto-Orient for a layer
Setting and animating an anchor point
Moving an anchor point
To move the anchor point by dragging in the Layer window
To move a layer anchor point by nudging it 1 pixel at the current magnification
To move a layer anchor point by nudging it 10 pixels at the current magnification
To move a layer’s anchor point using the pan behind tool
Resetting the anchor point
To reset the anchor point
To reset the anchor point and reset the position to the center of the composition
Converting audio to keyframes
To convert audio to keyframes
Setting and animating mask properties
Setting and animating effects
Understanding parent layers
Working with parent and child layers
To show or hide the Parent column
To parent a layer
To remove a parent from a layer
To make a child layer jump when a parent is assigned or removed
Using null objects
To create a null object
Previewing animation
OpenGL interactive preview
RAM Preview
Standard preview
Manual preview
Wireframe preview
Adaptive Resolution preview
Using OpenGL interactive previewing
To turn on OpenGL interactive previewing
To use OpenGL preview
Using standard preview
To stop any preview before it is complete
To display the Time Controls palette
To use standard preview
To use the manual preview options
To use the wireframe preview
Using RAM Preview
To use RAM Preview
To change the number of times the RAM Preview plays back
Using Adaptive Resolution previews
To specify dynamic preview acceleration
Setting Video Preview preferences
To set Video Preview preferences
About caching
To set Cache preferences
To purge the cache
Fine-tuning Animation
Controlling change through interpolation
Spatial interpolation and the motion path
Temporal interpolation and the Value graph
Comparing interpolation methods
No interpolation
Linear interpolation
Auto Bezier interpolation
Continuous Bezier interpolation
Bezier interpolation
Hold interpolation
Changing the interpolation method
Using the Keyframe Interpolation dialog box
To change an interpolation method for a keyframe using the Keyframe Interpolation dialog box
Changing interpolation graphically in a window
To change an interpolation method directly in a window
Changing the default spatial interpolation
To set the default spatial interpolation to Linear
Adjusting direction handles to create curves and corners
To change a Bezier keyframe from a curve to a corner
Retracting and extending Bezier direction handles
To retract one direction handle
To retract both Bezier direction handles
To extend retracted Bezier direction handles
To toggle between the selection tool and the pen tool
Mixing incoming and outgoing interpolation methods
To mix Bezier and Linear interpolation methods
To apply or remove Hold interpolation as outgoing interpolation
Using the Value graph to change a layer property value
To change the value of a layer property using the Value graph
Editing keyframes on a Value graph or a motion path
To edit a keyframe and update the Value graph by changing numeric values
To edit a keyframe for spatial properties using the pen tool
Factors affecting rate of change (speed and velocity)
Controlling speed along a motion path
To control speed between keyframes
Fine-tuning speed and velocity
Adjusting rate change with the Speed and Velocity graphs
To adjust the incoming and outgoing rate changes together
To fine-tune speed separately for incoming and outgoing frames
To rejoin split direction handles
Adjusting the Speed or Velocity graph border
To adjust the Speed or Velocity graph border
To change the default graph area size
Creating a bounce or intense peak
To create a bounce or peak
Starting or stopping change gradually
To start or stop change gradually
Extending the influence of a direction handle
To adjust the influence of a direction handle on the previous or next keyframe
Changing speed numerically
To specify speed numerically
Creating smooth changes using roving keyframes
To smooth motion over several keyframes
To change a roving keyframe back to a nonroving keyframe
Automatically easing speed using Easy Ease
To ease speed through the Easy Ease keyframe assistant
Simulating a zoom lens using Exponential Scale (Pro only)
To apply Exponential Scale
Using the Time-Reverse Keyframes keyframe assistant
To reverse keyframes
Time-stretching a layer
Time-stretching a layer to and from specific times
To time-stretch a layer from a specific time
To time-stretch a layer to a specific time
Keeping keyframes intact when time-stretching a layer
To time-stretch a layer but not its keyframes
Reversing the playback direction of a layer
To reverse a layer’s playback direction
About time-remapping
Working with the Time Remap graph
Time Remap
Value: Time Remap
Velocity: Time Remap
Time-remapping parts of a motion footage or audio layer
To freeze the first frame without changing the speed
To freeze the last frame without changing the speed
To remap time in the Timeline window
To remap time in a Layer window
Time-remapping audio pitch
To change the pitch of an audio layer
To remove clicks from new In and Out points in the Time Remap graph
Adding randomness with The Wiggler (Pro only)
To add randomness to a property
Working with Masks and Transparency
Understanding transparency in After Effects
Transparency terminology in After Effects
Alpha channel
Using a footage item with an alpha channel
Working with masks
To view masks in the Composition window
To view masks in the Layer window
To specify a mask in the Layer window as the target for all new mask shapes
Creating masks
Types of masks
Working with multiple masks in one layer
To apply a new color to a mask outline
Duplicating masks
To duplicate a mask
Drawing rectangular and elliptical masks
To create a rectangular or elliptical mask by dragging
To create a rectangular or elliptical mask the size of the layer
To create a rectangular or elliptical mask by specifying a mask shape numerically
About mask paths
Creating masks from motion paths
To create a mask from a motion path
Converting alpha channels to masks
To create a mask with Auto-trace
Current Frame
Work Area
Apply to New Layer
Converting text to masks
Drawing a Bezier mask with the pen tool
Drawing straight lines with the pen tool
Drawing curves with the pen tool
To change a vertex
Drawing a RotoBezier mask with the pen tool
To create a RotoBezier mask
To convert a mask to a RotoBezier mask
To change smooth corners to sharp corners using the RotoBezier mask option
Selecting masks and vertices
To select all or part of one or more masks in the Layer or Composition window
To select masks in the Timeline window
To add or remove masks or vertices to or from the selection
To select or deselect all vertices in a mask
To select all masks on a layer
To select an adjacent mask on a layer
To deselect the mask
Scaling and rotating selected masks or vertices
To move, scale, or rotate a mask or mask vertices
Changing the shape of a mask
To change a mask shape numerically
To replace one mask shape with another
To reset a mask to its default boundaries
To delete one mask
To delete all masks
To move a vertex
To add a vertex to a mask
To delete a vertex from a mask
To adjust the shape of a curve segment
To change a vertex from a corner to a smooth vertex or vice versa
Feathering mask edges
To adjust feathering in the Timeline window
To adjust feathering by specifying precise values
Adjusting the edges of a mask
To adjust the edges of the mask using Mask Expansion
Adjusting the opacity of a mask
To adjust the opacity of a mask
Applying motion blur to a mask
To apply motion blur to a mask
Specifying which parts of a mask are inside and outside
To invert a drawn mask
Moving a mask and panning a layer behind a mask
To move a mask
To pan a layer behind its mask
Specifying one mask as the target for animation
To specify a mask as the target of all new shapes
To specify no mask as a target for changes
Animating a mask
To animate a mask property
To designate another vertex as the first vertex
Using Smart Mask Interpolation (Pro only)
To use Smart Mask Interpolation
Keyframe Rate
Keyframe Fields
Use Linear Vertex Paths
Bending Resistance
Add Mask Shape Vertices
Matching Method
Use 1:1 Vertex Matches
First Vertices Match
Importing masks from Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop
To import a path from Adobe Illustrator or Adobe Photoshop
Applying effects to a mask
Creating visible lines and solid shapes from masks
Controlling how masks in the same layer interact
Using mask modes
To apply a mask mode
Modifying multiple masks
To modify several masks at once
Locking a mask
To lock or unlock a mask
Reusing a mask
To save a mask
To reuse a mask
Creating track mattes and traveling mattes
Using alpha channel or luminance values for a track matte
To create a track matte
No Track Matte
Alpha Matte
Alpha Inverted Matte
Luma Matte
Luma Inverted Matte
Preserving underlying transparency during compositing
To preserve underlying transparency
Using blending modes
Specifying a blending mode
To apply a blending mode
Alpha Add
Classic Color Burn
Classic Color Dodge
Classic Difference
Color Burn
Color Dodge
Dancing Dissolve
Hard Light
Linear Burn
Linear Dodge
Linear Light
Luminescent Premul
Pin Light
Hard Mix
Silhouette Alpha
Silhouette Luma
Soft Light
Stencil Alpha
Stencil Luma
Vivid Light
Using stencil and silhouette blending modes
Stencil mode
Silhouette mode
To use the stencil or silhouette modes on a layer
Cycling through blending modes
To cycle through a layer’s blending modes
Creating transparency using keying
Creating and Animating Text
About text in After Effects
Creating a text layer
Entering point text
To enter point text
Entering paragraph text
To enter paragraph text
To resize a text bounding box
Copying and pasting text from other applications
To copy and paste text from other applications
To edit text imported from Adobe Photoshop
Editing text in text layers
To edit text in a text layer
To move text in the Composition window without leaving editing mode
Showing and hiding layer controls
To hide and show layer controls
Formatting characters
Selecting characters
To select characters
Using the Character palette
To display the Character palette
To change values in the Character palette and update text in real time
To reset Character palette values to the default values
Choosing a font
Mac OS X
To choose a font family and style
Choosing a font size
To choose a font size
Changing the text color
To change the text color
Using smart quotes
To use smart quotes
Specifying leading
To change the leading
Specifying kerning and tracking
To use a font’s built-in kerning information
To adjust kerning manually
To specify tracking
Adjusting horizontal or vertical scale
To adjust the horizontal or vertical scale of text
Specifying baseline shift
To specify baseline shift
Changing case
To change the case of text
Making characters superscript or subscript
To specify superscript or subscript characters
Rotating vertical text
To rotate characters in vertical text
Formatting paragraphs
Selecting paragraphs and showing the Paragraph palette
To select paragraphs for formatting
To show the Paragraph palette
To scrub values in the Paragraph palette and update text in real time
To reset values in the Paragraph to the default values
Aligning and justifying text
To specify alignment
Indenting paragraphs
To specify paragraph indentation
Changing space above or below paragraphs
To specify paragraph spacing
Specifying hanging punctuation
To use hanging punctuation for Roman fonts
Composing text
The Every-line Composer
The Single-line Composer
To choose a composition method for a paragraph
Setting options for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean text
Displaying CJK font names
To display CJK font names in English
Adjusting tsume
To reduce spacing between characters
Specifying how leading is measured
To specify how leading is measured
Using tate-chuu-yoko
To turn on or turn off tate-chuu-yoko
Animating text
Animating the source text
To animate source text
Animating text with text animator groups
To use text animator groups
To remove animators from a text layer
Understanding animator properties
All Transform
Fill Color (RGB, Hue, Saturation, Brightness, Opacity)
Stroke Color (RGB, Hue, Saturation, Brightness, Opacity)
Stroke Width
Line Anchor
Line Spacing
Character Offset
Character Value
Character Range
Adding and using animator properties
To add an animator group to a text layer
To add a new animator property to an existing animator group
Working with selectors
Using and adding selectors
To add a new selector to an animator group
To specify ranges with the Range selector
Understanding the Range selector
Start and End
Units and Based On
Ease High and Ease Low
Understanding the Wiggly selector
Max and Min Amount
Temporal and Spatial Phase (revolutions + degrees)
Lock Dimensions
Working with masks in text layers
Creating masks from text characters
To create masks from characters
Creating and animating text on a path
To position text along a mask’s path
To change or animate text path properties
Reverse Path
Perpendicular to Path
Force Alignment
First Margin
Last Margin
Examples of text animations
Offsetting characters
To offset characters
Animating the position of individual characters and using the Wiggly selector
To flash colors and drop characters
Animating the tracking at the beginning and end of a layer
To animate tracking and set Line Anchor
Using selectors to animate only one word in a text layer
To animate words in a phrase at different times
Working with animator shapes
Changing the transitions between characters in an animation
Creating a write-on animation
Using Paint Tools
Using the brush tool
To use the brush tool
Rotoscoping with the brush tool
To rotoscope with the brush tool
Using the clone stamp tool
To use the clone stamp tool
Clone Source
Clone Position
Clone Time
Clone Time Shift
Using the eraser tool
To use the eraser tool
Working with brushes
Selecting brushes
To select a preset brush
To change how the Brush Tips palette displays preset brushes
Customizing brush tips
To set brush tip shape options
Working with Brush Dynamics
Working with the Brush Tips palette
To set Brush Dynamics
Minimum Size
Creating and managing preset brush tips
To create a new preset brush tip
To rename a preset brush tip
To delete a preset brush tip
To return to the default library of preset brush tips
Specifying options for painting
Selecting a brush color
To select a brush color
Selecting a blending mode
To select a blending mode for the brush tool
Linear Burn
Color Burn
Linear Dodge
Color Dodge
Soft Light
Hard Light
Linear Light
Vivid Light
Pin Light
Hard Mix
Silhouette Luma
Specifying a channel
Specifying a duration option
Specifying opacity or flow
Working with paint strokes in the Timeline window
Selecting a paint stroke
To select a paint stroke, do either of the following
To select multiple paint strokes, do any of the following in the Timeline window or Layer window
To deselect a paint stroke in the Timeline window or the Layer window
Specifying transform properties
To specify transform options
Painting on a transparent layer
To enable the Paint on Transparent option
Specifying a blending mode in the Timeline window
To specify a blending mode
Animating a paint stroke in the Timeline window
To animate a paint stroke automatically with Write On
To animate a paint stroke by using stroke targeting
Applying Effects
Learning about specific effects
Standard edition effects
Brightness & Contrast, Channel Mixer, Color Balance, Curves, Hue/Saturation, Levels, Levels (Individual Controls), Posterize, and Threshold
Backwards, Bass & Treble, Delay, and Stereo Mixer
Blur & Sharpen
Channel Blur, Compound Blur, Directional Blur, Fast Blur, Gaussian Blur, Radial Blur, Sharpen, and Unsharp Mask
3D Glasses, Arithmetic, Blend, Calculations, Channel Combiner, Cineon Converter, Compound Arithmetic, Invert, Minimax, Remove Color Matting, Set Channels, Set Matte, Shift Channels, and Solid Composite
Liquify, Magnify, Mirror, Offset, Polar Coordinates, Ripple, Smear, Spherize, Transform, Turbulent Displace, Twirl, Warp, and Wave Warp.
Expression Controls
Angle Control, Checkbox Control, Color Control, Layer Control, Point Control, and Slider Control
Image Control
Change Color, Change to Color, Color Balance (HLS), Color Link, Colorama, Equalize, Gamma/Pedestal/Gain, Grow Bounds, PS Arbitrary Map, and Tint
Color Key, Color Range, and Luma Key
Dust & Scratches, Median, Noise, Noise Alpha, Noise HLS, Noise HLS Auto
To Paint
Basic 3D, Bevel Alpha, Bevel Edges, Drop Shadow, and Radial Shadow
4-Color Gradient, Audio Spectrum, Audio Waveform, Beam, Cell Pattern, Checkerboard,
Circle, Ellipse, Eyedropper Fill, Fill, Fractal, Grid, Paint Bucket, Lens Flare, Lightning, Radio Waves, Ramp, Scribble, Stroke, and Vegas
Card Dance, Caustics, Foam, Shatter, and Wave World
Brush Strokes, Color Emboss, Emboss, Find Edges, Leave Color, Mosaic, Motion Tile, Roughen Edges, Strobe Light, Texturize, and Write-on
Basic Text, Numbers, and Path Text
Echo, Posterize Time, and Time Difference
Block Dissolve, Card Wipe, Gradient Wipe, Iris Wipe, Linear Wipe, Radial Wipe, and Venetian Blinds
Professional edition effects
Color Stabilizer
3D Channel
3D Channel Extract, Depth Matte, Depth of Field, Fog 3D, and ID Matte
Flange & Chorus, High-Low Pass, Modulator, Parametric EQ, Reverb, and Tone
Alpha Levels
Bezier Warp, Bulge, Corner Pin, Displacement Map, Mesh Warp, Optics Compensation,
and Reshape
Color Difference Key, Difference Matte, Extract, Inner/Outer Key, Linear Color Key, and Spill Suppressor
Matte Tools
Matte Choker and Simple Choker
Fractal Noise
Vector Paint
Advanced Lightning
Particle Playground
Glow and Scatter
Time Displacement
Working with effects
Using the Effects palette
To locate an effect in the Effects palette
To specify how effects are listed in the Effects palette
Explorer Folders (Windows) or Finder Folders (Mac OS)
Show Effects
Show Referring Favorites
Show Favorites
Show Favorite Contents
Show 16 bpc Effects Only
Reveal in Explorer (Windows) or Reveal in Finder (Mac OS)
Refresh List
Applying and controlling effects
To apply an effect to a layer from the Effect menu
To apply an effect to a layer from the Effects palette
To open the Effect Controls window
To change the color of hot text in the Effect Controls window (or any window)
To select a layer in the Effect Controls window
To open the Options dialog box for an effect
To copy effects in a layer and paste them into other layers
To temporarily turn off an effect
To temporarily turn off all effects in a layer
To remove an effect
To apply multiple effects to one or more layers
To remove all effects applied to a layer
Saving favorite effects for instant reuse
To save a favorite effect
To apply a favorite effect
Working with effects in 16 bits per channel (Pro only)
Changing effect property values
To change the value of an effect property
To set an angle
To set a color value for an effect
Placing an effect using effect points
To set an effect point
To view the effect point or path in the Layer window
To view the effect point in the Composition window
Changing effects over time
To set a keyframe for an effect
Positioning effects on layers
To position an effect exactly where you want it
Changing rendering order
Using audio effects
Using cameras and lights with effects
Using Adobe Photoshop layer styles in After Effects
Using keying effects
Adjusting keying controls on a single frame
Using a background color
Working with binary keys
Working with linear keys
Working with matte tools
Using a garbage matte
To create a garbage matte
Using a hold-out matte
To create a hold-out matte
Sequencing and combining keys
3D Compositing
Understanding 3D
Working with 3D layers
Designating a 3D layer
To designate a layer as 3D
Moving a 3D layer in the Composition window
To adjust the position, orientation, or rotation of a 3D layer in the Composition window
To move the anchor point in 3D space using the axes
To show a wireframe representation of the layer movement
To show or hide the axes
Understanding Z scale
Understanding 3D rotation
To specify what values the rotation tool affects
Understanding 3D layer order
Combining 2D and 3D layers
Using effects with 3D layers
Using masks with 3D layers
Understanding 3D layer material options
To specify material options properties
Casts Shadows
Light Transmission
Accepts Shadows
Accepts Lights
Using 3D views
Setting and adjusting views
To set a 3D view
To see layers that are not visible in the active view
To see selected layers
To set or replace 3D view shortcuts
To toggle among 3D views
Using multiple views
To set initial multiple views for current and future compositions
To add a new view to a multiple-view layout
To return to a single composition view
To change view properties for all open views
To set view preferences so all views close at once
Conforming multiple views to workspaces
To conform all windows to a saved workspace
Understanding cameras
Creating and using cameras
To create a camera
To change the camera used in the view
Understanding camera settings
To change a camera’s settings
Angle of View
Enable Depth of Field
Focus Distance
Blur Level
Film Size
Focal Length
Measure Film Size
Using the camera tools
To adjust a view using the camera tools
Using axes modes
Local Axis mode
View Axis mode
To change axes modes
Importing camera data from Maya files
Working with Maya camera data
Baking Maya camera data
Importing camera data from RLA or RPF files
To create a camera layer using RLA or RPF data
Understanding lights
Creating and setting up lights
To create a new light
Light Type
Cone Angle
Cone Feather
Casts Shadows
Shadow Darkness
Shadow Diffusion
Understanding 3D auto-orientation
Orient Along Path
Orient Towards Point of Interest
To change the Auto-Orientation settings for a camera or light
To reset a camera’s or light’s transform properties to default values
Understanding point of interest
To move a camera, a light, or the point of interest in the Composition window
Using third-party files with depth information
Previewing 3D
Using Dynamic Preview
To enable or disable Dynamic Preview mode
To temporarily disable or enable Dynamic Preview mode
To specify the Dynamic Preview preferences
Working in Draft 3D mode
To enable or disable Draft 3D mode
3D rendering
Rendering compositions containing both 2D and 3D layers
Using the Advanced 3D rendering plug-in
To use the Advanced 3D rendering plug-in
Using the Standard 3D rendering plug-in
To use the Standard 3D rendering plug-in
More Accurate
Creating Expressions
Understanding expressions
Creating expressions by using the pick whip
Creating expressions manually
To create an expression
To temporarily turn an expression off
To view all of the expressions on selected layers
Modifying default expressions
Working with global objects
Resizing the expression field
Viewing the expression graph
Converting expressions to keyframes
To convert an expression to keyframes
Modifying the values of properties using Expression Controls effects
To apply Expression Controls
Angle Control
Checkbox Control
Color Control
Layer Control
Point Control
Slider Control
Writing expressions
Writing expressions to access values
Writing an expression using the expression elements guide
To construct a simple expression that copies position values from one layer to another
Saving an expression
To add comments to an expression
Editing or adding keyframes on a property containing an expression
Understanding the expression language
Dimensions of arrays
Indexing vectors and arrays
Accessing specific values in a vector or array
Understanding expression time
Understanding expression time in nested comps
Working with the expression pick whip
To create an expression by using the pick whip
Selecting values with the pick whip
Modifying and enhancing pick-whip expressions
Using the compact English language preference
To specify the format for pick whip expressions
Pick-whip expression examples
Turning a dial and illuminating a lamp (linking opacity and rotation values)
To link opacity values to rotation values
Rotating the hands of a clock (linking rotation values between layers)
To link rotation values between two layers
Increasing a layer’s blur as it travels farther away in z-space (linking Fast Blur effect to position values)
To link effect values to position values
Scaling layers successively (linking scale values between layers)
To link scale values between three layers
Writing expressions for source text
Using the Expression language menu
To build an expression using the Expression language menu
Expression examples
Averaging one layer between two others
To average one layer between two others
Creating a trail of images
To create a trail of images
Creating a bulge between two layers
To create a bulge between two layers
Moving a layer in a perfect circle
To create a circular movement in one layer
Commonly used methods and attributes
Using the “hasParent()” attribute
Using the “name” attribute
Using layer space transform methods
Using keyframe-looping methods
After Effects expression elements guide
Expression elements guide key
Property attributes and methods
Global objects
Vector math methods
Random number methods
Interpolation methods
Color conversion methods
Other math methods
Comp attributes and methods
Footage attributes and methods
Layer sub-objects attributes and methods
Layer general attributes and methods
Layer property attributes and methods
Layer 3D attributes and methods
Layer space transform methods
Camera attributes and methods
Light attributes and methods
Effect attributes and methods
Mask attributes and methods
Property attributes and methods
Key attributes and methods
Managing Projects Effectively
Visualizing organization with Flowchart View
Opening Flowchart View
To open Flowchart View
Customizing Flowchart View
Changing label colors in Flowchart View
To change the label colors in Flowchart View
Using Flowchart View to make changes
Organizing a project using nesting
Apply complex changes to an entire composition
Reuse anything you build
Update in one step
Alter the default rendering order of a layer
Understanding default rendering order
Changing the rendering order
Transform effect
Adjustment layer
Nesting or precomposing
Creating animations by nesting compositions
To nest a composition
Synchronizing time displays of nested compositions
To synchronize time displays in windows of nested compositions
Collapsing transformations to maintain image quality
To collapse transformations of a nested composition
Saving time by prerendering nested compositions
Using the Pre-render command
To prerender a composition
To edit a prerendered composition
Understanding precomposing
Leave All Attributes In (selected composition)
Move All Attributes into the New Composition
To precompose one or more layers
Reducing the project
To delete unused project elements
Using scripts to facilitate tasks
To execute a script
To install a script
Techniques for working efficiently
Utilize OpenGL support
Lower the composition’s resolution
Use folders in the Project window
Close unneeded windows and tabs
Substitute a proxy for a source item
Lower a layer’s display quality
Hide layers
Lock layers
Prerender nested compositions
Collapse transformations of nested compositions
Deselect Continuously Rasterize for Illustrator files
Stop window updates
Deselect Show Cache Indicators
Isolate the layer you’re working on
Use Draft 3D
Disable Dynamic Preview
Using RAM effectively
Setting image caching preferences
To specify image caching
Identifying memory-intensive layers in a composition
Reducing a composition’s memory requirements
Running After Effects on multiprocessor systems
Using the Windows MP plug-in (Windows only)
Using the Multiprocessor Support plug-in (Mac OS)
Operations that take advantage of multiprocessors
Third-party effects
Rendering Operations
Rendering a Movie
About rendering
To play on systems that have a movie player application (such as Apple QuickTime Player).
To record on videotape for playback on NTSC and PAL broadcast television equipment.
To record to 35mm film for editing into a cinema release.
To play from DVD, from CD-ROM, or as streaming video on the World Wide Web.
To import into nonlinear editing systems, such as Avid or Media 100, for final output.
To broadcast on HDTV.
File formats supported for export by After Effects
Rendering and exporting 16-bits-per-channel files (Pro only)
Making (rendering) a movie
To make a movie from a composition
Using the Render Queue window
Working in the Render Queue window
To add compositions to the queue
To remove render items from the Render Queue window
To rearrange render items in the Render Queue window
To pause rendering
To stop rendering
To rerender a render item with the same or different settings
To change the hard disk destination for multiple queued items
Dragging footage to the Render Queue window
To create a composition and render source footage simultaneously
Monitoring the rendering process
Renders Started
Total Time Elapsed
Log File
Checking rendering status
Needs Output
User Stopped
Changing render settings
Determines the quality setting for all layers.
Proxy Use
Frame Blending
Field Render
3:2 Pulldown
Motion Blur
Use Storage Overflow
Time Span
Frame Rate
Existing Files
Field-rendering considerations
Creating and using render settings templates
To set the default render settings templates
To create a new render settings template
To edit an existing render settings template
To save all currently loaded templates to a file
To load a saved template file
Changing output module settings
Post-Render Action
Format Options
Starting #
Audio Output
About Post-Render Action options
Using the Post-Render Action menu
To specify Post-Render Action options
Import & Replace Usage
Set Proxy
Creating output chains
To create an output chain
Creating default output filenames
To specify default output filenames
Introducing 3:2 pulldown
To introduce 3:2 pulldown
Creating and using output module templates
To set the default output module template
To create a new output module template
To edit an existing output module template
To save all currently loaded output module templates to a file
To load a saved output module template file
Creating a proxy
To create a proxy
Exporting projects for use in LiveMotion
Exporting to AMX format
To export to AMX format
Include Layers with Video Turned Off
Put Images in Folder
Nested Compositions
Unsupported Features
Sample Rate
Bit Rate
Supported features for AMX export
Blending modes
Layers and switches
Rectangular pixels
Exporting to Windows Media or RealMedia format (Windows only)
Exporting to Windows Media format (Windows only)
Exporting to RealMedia format (Windows only)
To export a Windows Media or a RealMedia file
Specifying Windows Media and RealMedia options
Preset buttons
Allow Recording
Video Content
Audio Content
Exporting to Macromedia Flash (SWF) format
Exporting compositions to SWF format
To export a composition to Macromedia Flash (SWF) format
JPEG Quality
Unsupported Features
Audio Sample Rate
Audio Channels
Audio Bit Rate
Loop Continuously
Prevent Import
Include Object Names
Include Layer Marker Web Links
Supported features for SWF export
Adobe Illustrator files
Using references in the SWF file
Exporting Audio Spectrum and Audio Waveform to SWF
Exporting Adobe Illustrator files to SWF
Flattening of Adobe Illustrator artwork
Including object names in a SWF file
Including Web links in a SWF file
Saving a RAM preview as a rendered movie
To save a RAM preview
Exporting footage using QuickTime components
To export files using QuickTime export formats
Rendering an item to multiple formats
To apply an additional output module
Choosing compression options
Setting QuickTime compression options
Key Frame Every
To specify QuickTime compression settings
Setting Video for Windows compression options
Microsoft RLE
Microsoft DV
Intel Indeo/Microsoft Video
Full Frames (Uncompressed)
To specify Video for Windows compression settings
Exporting a single frame of a composition
To export one frame of a composition
To export a single composition frame as an Adobe Photoshop file with layers
Creating a filmstrip file for editing in Adobe Photoshop
To render a composition as a filmstrip
Rendering frames as a sequence of still images
To export a range of frames as a sequence of stills
Collecting files in one location
Generate Report Only
Obey Proxy Settings
Reduce Project
Change Render Output To
Enable ‘Watch Folder’ render (Pro only)
Maximum Number of Machines (Pro only)
To gather files for rendering or archiving
For All Comps
For Selected Comps
For Queued Comps
Rendering on a network using a watch folder (Pro only)
Setting up watch-folder rendering
To set up a watch-folder rendering process
Working with watch folders
Tracking dependencies when rendering over a network
To track the dependencies of a watch-folder render
Rendering single-frame sequences on multiple systems
To render a single-frame sequence with multiple systems
Network performance
Starting After Effects in watch-folder mode (Pro only)
Using multiple machines to render plug-in effects (Pro only)
Working with overflow volumes
To specify overflow settings
Segmenting movies and sequences
To specify segment settings
Rendering movies at different sizes
Making a movie smaller than the rendered composition
Nest the composition
Stretch the composition
Crop the composition
Crop to a region of interest
Render the composition at a reduced resolution
Making a movie larger than the rendered composition
Nest the composition
Stretch the composition
Crop the composition
Creating low-resolution movies for testing motion
Testing the field-rendering order
To test field-rendering order
Tracking Motion (Pro only)
About tracking motion (Pro only)
Uses of motion tracking (Pro only)
How After Effects tracks motion (Pro only)
Feature region
Search region
Attach point
Preparing to track (Pro only)
Setting up the shot (Pro only)
Searching your footage (Pro only)
Selecting a good feature region (Pro only)
Adjusting the search region (Pro only)
Using rotation track points (Pro only)
Positioning the attach point (Pro only)
Perfecting your tracking (Pro only)
Working with the Tracker Controls palette (Pro only)
Understanding the Source, Current Track, and Target options (Pro only)
Motion Source
Current Track
Motion Target
Understanding types of tracking
Parallel Corner Pin
Perspective Corner Pin
Adding new track points
Understanding the Analyze, Reset, and Apply controls (Pro only)
Defining tracker options (Pro only)
Track Name
Tracker Plug-in
Enable Feature Adaptiveness
Track Fields
Moving and resizing the track point (Pro only)
Tracking motion to apply to other footage or images (Pro only)
To track motion and apply it to another layer
Using corner pinning options (Pro only)
Understanding the Parallel Corner Pinning option
Understanding the Perspective Corner Pinning option
Tracking motion to animate the Corner Pin effect (Pro only)
To track motion using either parallel or perspective corner pinning
Tracking motion to animate effects (Pro only)
To animate effects
Tracking to stabilize footage (Pro only)
To stabilize a layer
Correcting a drifting feature region (Pro only)
Understanding the tracker plug-in options (Pro only)
Use Channel
Process Before Match
Subpixel Positioning
Extrapolate Motion if Confidence is Below
Drift correction methods (Pro only)
To correct drifting by moving the feature region
To correct drifting by modifying tracking settings
Working with tracking data in the Timeline window (Pro only)
Understanding the properties added to timeline
Tracker [number]
Track Point [number]
Feature Center
Feature Size
Search Offset
Search Size
Attach Point Offset
Attach Point
Using stored tracking data
To apply an existing track to a new target
Renaming tracks
To rename a track
Keyboard Shortcuts
Keys for selecting tools
Tools palette
Selection tool
Rotation tool
Camera tools (Orbit, Track XY, and Track Z)
Brush, Clone Stamp, and Eraser tool
Hand tool
Zoom tool
Pan Behind tool
Mask tools (Rectangular and Oval)
Type tools (Horizontal and Vertical)
Pen tools (Add Vertex, Delete Vertex, and Convert Vertex)
Corner tool
Pen tool
Text tool
Momentarily switch tools
Switch tools
Keys for using projects
Project window
Open last project
Open Project Settings dialog box
When opening a project, suppress opening of all windows (except the Project window)
Resize Project Window
Keys for using footage items
Project window
Open selected footage item or composition
Open movie in an After Effects footage window
Activate most recent composition
Add selected item to most recently activated composition
Replace a selected layer’s source footage in Composition window with selected footage
Replace a selected layer’s source footage item or composition
Scan for changed footage
Delete a footage item without a warning dialog box appearing
Keys for viewing windows
Cycle through open windows
Display/hide Title-Action Safe zones
Display/hide proportional grid
Center active window
Suspend window updates
Cycle through tabs in the foremost window
Take multiple (up to 4) snapshots
Display snapshot in active window
Display channel (RGBA)
Display channel (RGBA) in color
Display channel in color
Display unmatted color channels
Display/hide all palettes
Close active tab or window
Close active window (all tabs)
Close all windows except Project window
Keys for moving around
Timeline window
Go to beginning of work area
Go to end of work area
Go to previous visible keyframe or layer marker
Go to next visible keyframe or layer marker
Go to a composition time marker
Scroll selected layer to top of the Timeline window
Scroll current time to center of window
Keys for moving around windows
Composition, Timeline, Footage, and Layer windows
Go to beginning
Go to end
Step forward 1 frame
Step forward 10 frames
Step backward 1 frame
Step backward 10 frames
Go to layer In point
Go to layer Out point
Snap items such as keyframes, time markers, and In and Out points to each other on a time ruler
Keys for previewing
Timeline window
Start/pause playback
RAM preview every other frame
Scrub video
Scrub audio
Display rectangle instead of alpha outline during wireframe preview
Leave window contents during wireframe preview
Leave window contents during rectangle preview
Keys for using layers
Composition and Timeline windows
Rename layer, composition, folder, or effect
Select next layer back
Select next layer forward
Select a layer by its layer-outline number
Select non-contiguous layers
Deselect all layers
Solo selected layer
Activate Composition window with layer
Display selected layer in Layer window
Display or close Effect Controls window for selected layers
Switch between Composition and Timeline windows
Open source of a layer
Scale layer without dragging a handle in Composition window
Snap layer to edges or center of frame in Composition window
Constrain layer movement along x axis or y axis
Stretch layer to fit Composition window
Stretch layer to fit horizontally, preserving frame aspect ratio
Stretch layer to fit vertically, preserving frame aspect ratio
Reverse a layer’s playback
Set In point
Set Out point
Trim In point of a layer
Trim Out point of a layer
Add/remove expression
Add an effect (or multiple selected effects) to selected layers
Set In point by time-stretching
Set Out point by time-stretching
Move In point to beginning of composition
Move Out point to end of composition
Constrain rotation to 45-degree increments
Constrain scaling to footage frame aspect ratio
Constrain movement along x or y axis
Reset rotation angle to 0 degrees
Reset scale to 100%
Change property value x 10
Change property value .10
Set all dimensions to same value for Scale and Mask Feather properties
Re-lock two values for Scale and Mask Feather properties
Keys for zooming
Composition, Layer, and Footage windows
Zoom in
Zoom out
Zoom in and resize window
Zoom out and resize window
Zoom to 100%
Zoom to 100% and resize window
Zoom window
Zoom window to fill monitor
Keys for viewing layer properties
Timeline window
Anchor Point
Audio Levels
Audio Waveform
Mask Feather
Mask Shape
Mask Opacity
Mask Properties
Material options (3D)
Paint Effects
Reveal modified properties
Time Remapping
Set layer property value in dialog box (works with P, S, R, F, and M)
Show all animating values
Show selection in Timeline window
Hide property or category
Display/hide Parent column
Add/remove property
Toggle switches/modes
Turn off all other solo switches
Zoom to or from frame view
Zoom in time
Zoom out time
Keys for using compositions
Composition window
Set composition resolution to custom
Reset view in the Composition window to 100% and center composition in the window
Toggle window display options in palette menu
Keys for modifying keyframes
Timeline window
Add or remove keyframe (if stopwatch is on) or turn on time-vary stopwatch
Select all keyframes for a property
Deselect all keyframes
Snap keyframe to significant times
Nudge keyframe 1 frame forward
Nudge keyframe 1 frame backward
Select all visible keyframes
Go to previous visible keyframe
Go to next visible keyframe
Switch interpolation between Linear and Auto Bezier
Change Auto Bezier interpolation to Continuous Bezier
Toggle between Continuous Bezier and Bezier interpolation
Easy ease
Easy ease in
Easy ease out
Keys for nudging layers
Composition and Timeline windows
Nudge layer 1 pixel in specific direction
Nudge layer 1 frame earlier
Nudge layer 1 frame later
Nudge layer rotation + 1 degree
Nudge layer rotation - 1 degree
Nudge layer scaling + 1%
Nudge layer scaling - 1%
Keys for setting the work area
Timeline window
Set beginning of work area to current time
Set end of work area to current time
Set work area to selected layers
Set work area to composition duration when no layers are selected
Keys for using masks
Composition and Layer windows
Reset oval or rectangle mask to fill window
Scale around center point in Free Transform mode
Select all points in a mask
Free transform mask
Exit free transform mask
Set an initial keyframe on a selected mask
Keys for using effects
Effect Controls window
Expand/collapse effect controls
Add keyframe for effect control
Activate Composition window containing layer
Add an expression in the Timeline window
Keys for using 3D animation
Composition and Timeline windows
Remember Custom View 1
View Custom View 1 (defaults to front)
Remember Custom View 2
View Custom View 2 (defaults to custom view 1)
Remember Custom View 3
View Custom View 3 (defaults to active camera)
Return to previous view
Look at Selected Layers
Toggle Casts Shadows property
Move the camera and its point of interest to look at selected objects
Keys for using markers
Composition and Timeline windows
Remove layer-time marker
Go to previous visible layer-time marker or keyframe
Go to next visible layer-time marker or keyframe
Set keyframe
Go to a composition-time marker
Set and number a composition-time marker at the current time
See the duration between two layer markers or keyframes in the Info palette
Keys for using other palettes
Switch between selection tool and pen tool
Display filename in Info palette
Keys for using text
Aligns text left, center, or right
Aligns text top, center, or bottom
Selects 1 character left/right, or 1 line down/up, or 1 word left/right
Selects characters from insertion point to mouse click point
Moves insertion point 1 character left/right, 1 line down/up, or 1 word left/right
Selects word, line, paragraph, or story
Toggles All Uppercase on/off
Toggles Small Caps on/off
Toggles Superscript on/off
Toggles Subscript on/off
Chooses 100% horizontal scale
Chooses 100% vertical scale
Chooses Auto leading
Chooses 0 for tracking
Reset text tracking
Justifies paragraph; left aligns last line
Justifies paragraph; forces last line
Decreases/increases type size of selected text 2 pts/px
Decreases/increases leading 2 pts/px
Decreases/increases baseline shift 2 pts/px
Decreases/increases kerning/tracking 20/1000 ems
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